RTI (Response to Intervention)
What is RTI?
Stands for Response to Intervention…tier instructional framework that is designed to improve students’ outcomes.
- Provides immediate support to students who are at risk for learning in Reading, Math, and Behavior
In Georgia, RTI is a part of the evaluation process for students with learning disabilities. Georgia uses the four tier model. Students receive interventions based on their needs and can move within the pyramid of interventions.
What is the purpose of RTI?
To make sure every child in the school receives instruction that leads to school success by:
(1). Using results from assessments to help teachers choose the best instruction for each child
(2). Checking and monitoring progress frequently
(3). Providing the appropriate level of support that will help the child achieve
The process of RTI begins with screening.
(1). A universal screener is given three times per year to find out whether students are at risk for learning difficulties.
(2). Students who score low on the screener will be monitored closely. If the student does not make adequate progress, teachers will make the decision to place the child in the RTI process.
(3). Students placed in RTI could be placed at any one of the multi-tiers of instruction
Tier 1: General education classroom instruction—80% of students are expected to be successful at this level.
Tier 2: Secondary level of instruction is given in addition to what is given to all students in the regular education setting in Tier 1—15% of students are usually performing at this level. Interventions are put in place to help with specific problems.
Tier 2 instructional interventions include careful monitoring and charting of student progress. Parents are informed and invited to meetings to discuss progress.
Tier 3: Approximately 5% of the school’s students may be performing at this level. When the student is not successful at Tier 1 or Tier 2, a decision is made to move to Tier 3. At this level, instruction and interventions are specific to the student’s needs; are researched-based, and more intensive, longer, and monitored more frequently. Progress monitoring gives teachers the data they need to decide whether or not the student is making progress. The school psychologist may be involved and the student support team meets to determine how to best meet the needs of the student.
Tier 4: The student support team (SST), which is made up of various school staff, will make an appropriate referral for consideration of placement of the student. If found eligible, the student may be placed in Special Education. This decision is made by an eligibility team, which includes the parent, school psychologist, special education teachers, and other team members that work with the student.
What can parents do to help with RTI?
- Read to your child every day. Reading fosters a desire to become a life-long learner.
- Work at home with your child on skills that are identified as weak areas.
- Communicate with your child’s teacher often. The teacher can suggest ways for you to work with your child.